The essential properties of any system, the properties that define this system, are properties of a whole which none of its parts have.

Russell Ackoff

Born: February 12, 1919

Died: October 29, 2009 (Age 90)

Russell Lincoln Ackoff was an American organizational theorist, consultant, and Anheuser-Busch Professor Emeritus of Management Science at the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania. Ackoff was a pioneer in the field of operations research, systems thinking and management science.

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