Consciousness is a property intrinsic to organized matter. It’s a property like charge and spin. We find ourselves in a universe that has space and time, and mass and energy, but we also find ourselves in a universe where organized systems that have [a value of] phi different from zero have experiences. It’s just the way it is.

Christof Koch

Born: November 13, 1956

Christof Koch is a German-American neuroscientist best known for his work on the neural bases of consciousness. He is the president and chief scientist of the Allen Institute for Brain Science in Seattle. From 1986 until 2013, he was a professor at the California Institute of Technology.

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